This is the presidential palace previously called Carrera Palace, also called the 'Casa de Nariño' in homage to Antonio Nariño, the translator of the rights of man, who was its former inhabitant.
In this house lived the Nariño-Álvarez marriage until the death of don Vicente Nariño and, here was born don Antonio Nariño y Álvarez on April 9, 1765 and spent his early youth. At the moment of don Vicente´s death, his wife and children inherited the house as according to 1778 will.
Under the authority given by law 85 of October 23, 1885 and given the fact “that the Republic has not owned a proper house to the presidential residence in this city, it will be obtained for the Republic, a house that meets the requirements for Presidential Palace”. According to the historian Eduardo Posada, the house was purchased by order of President Rafael Núñez, who lived in it after the civil war in 1885, followed by presidents in charge General Eliseo Payan in 1887 and 1888, and General Carlos Holguin in 1892.
As the old house had no more merit than that of having been the birthplace of the precursor and the practical importance of being located near the Capitol, under the administration of General Rafael Reyes, 1904, was mostly demolished and replaced by a two-storey with stone façade house, with a large living room and larger units. At the end of his administration in 1908, General Reyes moved there the presidential headquarters, which was regularly since 1828 in the Palace of San Carlos.
The name of Nariño Palace or the Street Palace was seat of government of President Rafael Reyes from 1908 to 1909 and vice presidents in charge Euclides de Angúlo and Jorge Holguin until 1910 and, then of General Ramón González Valencia, Carlos E . Restrepo, José Vicente Concha, Marco Fidel Suárez, Jorge Holguín, Pedro Nel Ospina and Miguel Abadía Méndez, all from the conservative party.
And from August 7, 1930 of Presidents Enrique Olaya Herrera, Alfonso López Pumarejo, Eduardo Santos, for the second time López Pumarejo and its in charge Carlos Lozano y Lozano and Dario Echandía, and of Alberto Lleras Camargo, during the liberal period ended in 1946. And finally, Mariano Ospina Pérez, Laureano Gómez and the designated Roberto Urdaneta Arbeláez designee, and General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, who in 1954 moved to San Carlos Palace, where the chancellor office was and moved to Nariño Palace.
Although third floor was built already under the administration of Eduardo Santos, by this time the palace seemed outdated and uncomfortable for the Foreign Ministry, and was soon vacated and abandoned with the objective of its collapse to erect in its place a modern building for this Ministry.
Since the Presidential Palace, Casa Nariño is the seat of Government of Colombia, the changing of the guard became one of the shows worthy of seeing and listening to tourists, residents and occasional visitors from central sector of Bogota.
Hernandez de Alba describes the second floor of the Palace of Nariño, the famous yellow room, where official receptions took place, “… furnished with fine French taste at the time of Louis XV (…), this room occupies the entire length of the main facade, above the central lobby stretching in two wings leading the other rooms, to the right there are three receiving.
The yellow room is a beautiful little colonial chapel, decorated in red and gold. On either side of the main doors of the hall you can admire two marble busts of the Liberator and General Santander, the first illustrious work of the sculptor Tenerani.
At the main botton of the lobby and taking the whole wall completely, there is a magnificent work of Venezuelan painter Tito Salas, that represents the Liberator before of Angostura Congress on December 17, 1819 at the time of his speech calling for the creation of the Republic of Colombia; such a selected work of art adorns the Palace as a gift from Venezuela Government.
In 1972 under the administration of Misael Pastrana Borrero, the building was expanded, leaving the frontal body on the 7 avenue, which retains its former appearance, and where the Yellow Room is. The work was advanced almost entirely under the government of Alfonso Lopez Michelsen and finished under the leadership of Julio Cesar Turbay Ayala.
Next to the Presidential Palace, Casa Nariño, on 8 avenue, stands lonely the Observatory Tower built by the wise José Celestino Mutis between May 1802 and August 1803. The bronze statue of Antonio Nariño placed in front dominates the landscape. The statue of Antonio Nariño came in pilgrimage from San Victorino Square, where was erected in 1910.
This monumental Greco Roman lined building is covered with sculped and shaped stone resembling a symbolic fortress of government, strength and power. The work was supervised by architect Dr. Fernando Alsina as auditor of the Public Works Ministry, in collaboration with engineers and architects of it.
Home´s first intellectual, worshipper of the enlightenment thinking in the midst of colonial domination and one of the progenitors of the political journalism through his newspaper La Bagatela. We acknowledge to Nariño have planted the first seeds of liberty, equality and, popular sovereignty in the conscious of Nueva Granada people (today Colombians), by publishing in 1974 the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen of the French Revolution. He stands a Precursor of our independence as a nation. Nariño suffered multiple abuses: raid on his house, prison for ten years in Cádiz and Cartagena de Indias, confiscation of his property and burning of his books. Nothing could unnerve his combative spirit of patriotism.
Returning in 1810 after the Proclamation of Independence of the people of Bogotá, his passion for consolidating freedom and his political ideology fed the formation of new government. He brought the idea of universal suffrage for the vote, was not the prerogative of wealth, as other more deprivation against the helpless spoil of Nueva Granada. From La Bagatela newspaper he advocated for the independence of people meant something more than a simple “change of masters”, because -he warns-"Nothing we have advanced. It seems to have moved from masters but not conditions".
In a very difficult debate between Centralism and Federalism, Nariño advocated the initial need Nariño of strong central regime; capable of resisting the imminent attempt of Spanish reconquest, but he demonstrated political wisdom and realism proposing in 1821, a federal system as a ideal model to follow once averted the danger and strengthen the independence. Then he wrote in his newspaper Fucha´s bulls
“Independence recognized by Spain, when we were safely and with the needed elements, the federation will be the anchor of freedom because on the extend of our current republic and notably trend to the servitude as result of our old habits we were always vulnerable to abuse”.
On the shoulders of the popular rebellion in 1811, Nariño was appointed President of the State of Cundinamarca by the national presentation. And sealed off the independence, Bolivar named him president of the Congress of Cúcuta, constituent body that enacted the original first, fundamental letter of Colombia.
Political and military genius to whom we (Colombians) owe to him for having laid the shape for the creation of our nation and the foundation of the republic. Its social and political ideology,-exposed from his letter of Jamaica (1815)- feed the awakening of the American conscience and, with it the collective will of sovereign affirmation of the people of South America. He led the rebel torrent of creoles, Indians, and blacks that in mythical epic, gained the independence from Nueva Granada, (now Colombia and Panamá), Venezuela, Ecuador, Perú and Bolivia.
As governor, Bolivar devoted his boundless energy and genius to crystallize the dream of a great nation. Colombia composed of all Andean-Amazonian people brothers. He advocated a political organization founded on the principles of order and authority: order, unavoidable premise of freedom and the authority that enables equality of opportunities.
The Liberator taught the necessity of strong leadership respectable and legitimate, safeguard of unit, tool of order and social guarantee to protect people against abuse of the powerful. Said:
For a people to be free must have a strong government that has sufficient means to rescue them from popular anarchy and abuse of the greats,
His call for Constitutional Convention of 1828 remains in full force today for the country:
“Legislators…a government firm, powerful and justice is the cry of the country (…) Give us a government in which the law is obeyed, the magistrate respected and people is free, a government that prevents the transgression of the general will and the popular commandments".
He received from Bolivar the title of “Man of Laws”, he was the civil builder of our republic. Trained as a jurist in the High School Seminary of St Bartholomew, since very young embraced the cause of independence of the people of Santa Fe de Bogotá. At the beginning of the liberator deed of Nueva Granada, Santander took over the responsibility for recruiting, training and supply with food in the eastern plains, the central detachment of the rebel army. When the patriotic forces in glorious epic, under the command of Bolivar, ascended the Andes and fought decisive battles to seal our emancipation, he put himself over the Vanguard Division.
As president of the rising republic, corresponded to Santander the titanic mission to provide to the liberating army of the needed resources to free Venezuela, Ecuador, Perú, and Bolivia, while that build civil instructions of the Republic. His work was the organization of Public Finance and the administration of justice designed under the strictest adherence to the principles of Rule of Law.
The advocated model of State by Santander, only the empire of law provides legitimacy to the government and freedom for citizens. His ideal state was condensed thus:
“¡What greater joy nor what greater glory than that of belonging to a country where law, equity and, the trial of public opinion is respected!”
Bolivar was the first to recognize the contribution of Santander to the civil configuration of our Republic writing:
“Your Excellency has resolved the most sublime problem of politics: if an enslaved people can be free: Your Excellency deserves the gratitude of Colombia and mankind”.
With deep social meaning, Santander promoted the implement of a secular educational system, aimed at developing science, arts and crafts workshops, as irreplaceable instrument to a modern and egalitarian society.
Guided service to the House of Nariño provides an opportunity for all Colombians and foreign visitors of a guided tour, free of charge - in groups of maximum 20 people - for the defined areas by the facilities of the House of Nariño.
Guided tours will be scheduled according to availability, at the following times:
Monday to Friday in the time 9 a.m., 10:30 am, 2:30 p.m. and 4 p.m.
Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays in times of 2:30 p.m. and 4 p.m.
In the tours on Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays, from 4:00 pm, You can observe the change of guard.
The duration of the tour is approximately 45 minutes and has no cost.
To make the visit to the presidential palace, should be sent to fill the registration form with the following information:
If your application does not have all the required information will be rejected and will need to register again.
In five (5) business days will respond to your request via email, confirming the date and time assigned.
It is reported that for security reasons, the entrance to the Casa de Nariño, people do not take into account these requirements will be restricted.
We invite Messrs group coordinators insist on good behavior, such as respect and discipline during the visit at the Casa de Nariño. The tour will be canceled if ignored this recommendation.
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The Administrative Department of the Presidency of the Republic was created by the 3rd Law of 1898 and restructured by Decree 3443 of 2010, Decree 3444 of 2010, Decree 3445 of 2010, Decree 4679 of 2010, Decree 123 of 2011 and Decree 1649 of 2014.
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